The performance of rheumatism
Rheumatism not only invades the patient’s bones and joints, but further development of the disease may also cause damage to other organs and systems of the patient, so this is not a simple orthopaedic disease.
So what should I do in peacetime?
1: General care rheumatism patients are most afraid of air-cooled, humid, so the house is best to be sunny, ventilated, dry, keep the indoor air fresh, the bed should be flat, be warm and dry, often washed, especially for ankylosing spineIt is best for an ill patient to sleep on a wooden bed. The bed cannot be placed at the tuyere and is cold in the anti-sleep.
Wash your hands and wash your hands with warm water, wash your feet at night, hot water can be soaked above the ankle joints, time around a quarter of an hour, can promote blood flow in the lower limbs.
For those who have basically disappeared from the function of the limbs, they should pay attention to help to change the position frequently to prevent the occurrence of hemorrhoids.
For finger joint deformity, or elbow joint flexion and extension is not good, or the knee joint and ankle joint deformation, walking inconvenience, we must take care of, help everywhere.
2: diet care 1) diet should be selected according to the specific conditions.
The diet of patients with rheumatism should generally enter high-protein, high-calorie, digestible foods, eat spicy and irritating foods, and produce cold and greasy foods.
2) The diet should not be one-sided, and the problem of medicine supplement and food supplement should be treated correctly.
Fruits, vegetables, fish, chickens, and ducks are all nutritious, and they should not be partial.
3) Pay attention to diet.
3: Attitude care rheumatic patients’ abnormal posture dynamics often affect the patient’s future activities and future life and work.
The purpose of posture nursing is to always pay attention to correct the patient’s bad posture and posture, which is conducive to returning to health in the future and working normally.
Patients with rheumatism often take various incorrect postures and postures due to numbness, soreness, unfavorable flexion and extension, etc., in order to alleviate pain.
Therefore, during the nursing, the posture of the patient sitting, standing, standing, walking, sleeping, etc. must be paid attention to and corrected in time to prevent the loss of life.
Pay attention to the maintenance of physiological posture during nursing.
For the prevention of ankylosing spondylitis patients with deformity and stiffness of the spine, hips and knee joints, it is generally necessary to show that the patient should stand upright, abdomen and akimbo when standing, to avoid lazy and loose hunchback posture, the bed should not be too soft, with wooden boardThe bed is better, avoid using a high pillow during sleep, and taking a prone position for a prone position.
4: functional exercise care rheumatoid rheumatoid arthritis patients must perform functional exercise, the purpose is to avoid stiff contracture through the active joints, prevent muscle atrophy, restore joint function, the so-called “to prevent disability.”
Through exercise, it can also promote blood circulation, improve local nutritional status, invigorate the spirit, enhance physical fitness, and promote early recovery.
Therefore, how to guide patients with rheumatism to rest properly and perform necessary exercise is also an important part of rheumatism care.
Functional exercise at the time of illness and physical exercise at the time of illness are not uniform.
For rheumatic patients, exercise is to maintain and restore joint function, but the requirements and methods of exercise should be different according to physical fitness, age and gender. For example, patients with rheumatism have obvious systemic symptoms or severe joint swelling during acute attack.Rest in bed, severe rest can be 1-2 weeks, moderate rest for 5-7 days, pay attention to the functional position of the hand and foot joints, as soon as the condition is relieved, you can do some functional exercises on the bed, such as joint flexion and extension exercises, massage swellingPain joints, etc.
After the condition is stable, you can start getting out of bed, walk slowly and get out of bed, walk slowly.
After the joint swelling and pain is eliminated, the functional exercise must be placed on restoring the joint function, and the physiological function of the diseased joint should be exercised. At the beginning, the passive activity is gradually changed to the active activity, or the two are combined to promote the active activity.Joint function recovery.
You can also use the various simple tools and instruments, such as hand-pinched walnuts and elastic fitness rings to exercise the finger function; two-handed holding the swivel ring to practice the rotating function to exercise the wrist function; step on the bicycle to exercise the joints; roll the round wood, step on the sewing machine to exercise 踝Joints; pulley pull rope activity exercise shoulder joints, etc.
The place, form and time of functional exercise.
The place, form and time of functional exercise of rheumatic patients should also be adapted to the cause of illness.